Short Answer: Maybe but it is very rare and usually reverses in a month or 2
I first became aware that hair loss was possible for some people on Keto when one of the women in our 28 Day Challenge room complained of it a few months ago. I thought it was an odd symptom but significant enough to begin to do a little research on how common it is or at least if other people complained of it and what I found was interesting enough to merit a blog post so let’s take a look.
What is the Science?
The first thing I did was to go looking for a few scientific papers on the phenomenon and they are very tough to find. The only one I can see where hair loss is suggested as a side-effect of Keto was The Ketogenic Diet: Adolescents Can Do It, Too, an incredibly interesting paper where teenaged epileptics were put on a Ketogenic diet to see what would happen to the frequency of their seizures. While it appears that the results were overwhelmingly positive, in the side effects section, we get this paragraph:
Two individuals reported an increase in seizure activity; two, thinning hair and/or hair loss, both of which were corrected with vitamin supplementation; two, increased bruising or bleeding; and two, subjective reports of stunted growth. (This was out of 45 participants)
Why did this happen? Here’s what we know.
Any Dietary Change can Result in Hair Loss
Sometimes, our bodies aren’t thrilled with changes to our diet no matter how healthy the new way of eating is. It’s not unheard of to see a little hair loss in the first month or 2 or any new diet. It’s almost never anything to be afraid of as the issue usually reverses itself fairly quickly once your body adapts to its new reality.
Low Calories can cause Hair Loss
When this study turned to reporting the weight loss of its participants, it had this to say.
To mimic a starvation state effectively, each patient must be as near to his or her ideal body weight as possible; therefore, we frequently plan for weight loss in our patients. Twenty-seven (60%) of the adolescents reported a reduction in their weight during the time on the ketogenic diet; seven specifically exhibited an unintended weight loss of ≥25% of their initial body weight.
That’s a lot of weight loss for people who are already at or near their ideal body weight and was probably caused by a reduction in calories. When you cut calories, the body reduces the number of calories used in non-vital systems such as reproduction and hair growth. So if you are starving yourself on keto expecting to lose weight, stop it. Eat something and see if that helps.
Low Fat and Low Protein can Both Influence Hair Loss
Sometimes when a newbie starts Keto, they really focus on the low carb part of the diet but don’t really understand the High Fat and Moderate Protein parts of the equation. Sometimes they are “fat-phobic” and don’t eat enough fat to keep their calories up and sometimes they don’t eat enough protein which is also very important in hair growth. A well-formulated ketogenic diet will correct both of these issues.
Vitamin and Mineral Imbalances can cause Hair Loss
Another common misstep that new keto-ers make is to not get enough salt. I’m not talking about that terrible over-processed Morton’s salt but something like Redmond’s Real Salt which has the electrolytes we need and our bodies expect from salt like Zinc, Magnesium and Iodine. Every one of these minerals are important for hair growth. Another common vitamin deficiency is Vitamin D.. Every one should be getting at least 15 minutes of sun every day and that should get you the Vitamin D you need. It should be noted that in the scientific paper cited above, both instances of hair loss were stopped with vitamin supplementation so perhaps take a multi-vitamin
The important thing to remember here is that if you are experiencing hair loss on a ketogenic diet, it should stop fairly quickly. Keep an eye on your total calorie intake as well as your macros and salt levels and you should be fine. Of course, if problems persist, see your doctor and nothing on this blog should be taken as medical advice. That’s code for don’t sue me if your hair falls out.
Any other questions? Let me know in the comments below!